Previously, wired network has proven its potential but nowadays wireless connection has emerged as a robust and most intellect communication technique. Each of these types of networking has their advantages and disadvantages according to its network characteristics. Wired and wireless networking has different hardware requirements, ranges, mobility, reliability and benefits. The aim of the paper is to compare the Wired and Wireless networks on the basis of various parameters such as Reliability, Mobility, Speed, Security etc.
In computing terminology, the word “wired” is used to differentiate between wireless network and those that involve cables. A wired setup uses physical cables to transfer data between computer systems and different devices .
Most wired networks use Ethernet cables to transfer data between connected PCs. In a small wired network, a single router may be used to connect all the computers. Larger networks often involve multiple routers or switches that connect to each other. One of these devices typically connects to a cable modem, T1 line, or other type of Internet connection that provides Internet access to all devices connected to the network
wireless network refers to the use of infrared or radio frequency signals to share information and resources between devices. Many types of wireless devices are available today; for example, mobile terminals, pocket size PCs, hand-held PCs, laptops, cellular phone, PDAs, wireless sensors, and satellite receivers, among others. The emerging third generation cellular networks have greatly improved data transmission speed, which enables a variety of higher speed mobile data services. Meanwhile, new standards for short range radio such as Bluetooth, 802.11, Hiperlan, and infrared transmission are helping to create a wide range of new applications for enterprise and home networking, enabling wireless broadband multimedia and data communication in the office and home. In Section 2 gives the comparison of wired and wireless networks on the basis of various parameters, section 3 gives the applications of both the networks and section 4 gives the conclusion.